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B::Showlex(3)	       Perl Programmers Reference Guide		 B::Showlex(3)

       B::Showlex - Show lexical variables used in functions or files

	       perl -MO=Showlex[,-OPTIONS][,SUBROUTINE] foo.pl

       When a comma-separated list of subroutine names is given as options,
       Showlex prints the lexical variables used in those subroutines.
       Otherwise, it prints the file-scope lexicals in the file.

       Traditional form:

	$ perl -MO=Showlex -e 'my ($i,$j,$k)=(1,"foo")'
	Pad of lexical names for comppadlist has 4 entries
	0: SPECIAL #1 &PL_sv_undef
	1: PVNV (0x9db0fb0) $i
	2: PVNV (0x9db0f38) $j
	3: PVNV (0x9db0f50) $k
	Pad of lexical values for comppadlist has 5 entries
	0: SPECIAL #1 &PL_sv_undef
	1: NULL (0x9da4234)
	2: NULL (0x9db0f2c)
	3: NULL (0x9db0f44)
	4: NULL (0x9da4264)
	-e syntax OK

       New-style form:

	$ perl -MO=Showlex,-newlex -e 'my ($i,$j,$k)=(1,"foo")'
	main Pad has 4 entries
	0: SPECIAL #1 &PL_sv_undef
	1: PVNV (0xa0c4fb8) "$i" = NULL (0xa0b8234)
	2: PVNV (0xa0c4f40) "$j" = NULL (0xa0c4f34)
	3: PVNV (0xa0c4f58) "$k" = NULL (0xa0c4f4c)
	-e syntax OK

       New form, no specials, outside O framework:

	$ perl -MB::Showlex -e \
	   'my ($i,$j,$k)=(1,"foo"); B::Showlex::compile(-newlex,-nosp)->()'
	main Pad has 4 entries
	1: PVNV (0x998ffb0) "$i" = IV (0x9983234) 1
	2: PVNV (0x998ff68) "$j" = PV (0x998ff5c) "foo"
	3: PVNV (0x998ff80) "$k" = NULL (0x998ff74)

       Note that this example shows the values of the lexicals, whereas the
       other examples did not (as they're compile-time only).

       The "-newlex" option produces a more readable "name => value" format,
       and is shown in the second example above.

       The "-nosp" option eliminates reporting of SPECIALs, such as "0:
       SPECIAL #1 &PL_sv_undef" above.	Reporting of SPECIALs can sometimes
       overwhelm your declared lexicals.

       "B::Showlex" can also be used outside of the O framework, as in the
       third example.  See "B::Concise" for a fuller explanation of reasons.

       Some of the reported info, such as hex addresses, is not particularly
       valuable.  Other information would be more useful for the typical
       programmer, such as line-numbers, pad-slot reuses, etc..	 Given this,
       -newlex isnt a particularly good flag-name.

       Malcolm Beattie, "mbeattie@sable.ox.ac.uk"

perl v5.10.1			  2009-02-12			 B::Showlex(3)

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