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Email::Valid(3pm)     User Contributed Perl Documentation    Email::Valid(3pm)

       Email::Valid - Check validity of Internet email addresses

       version 1.192

	 use Email::Valid;
	 my $address = Email::Valid->address('');
	 print ($address ? 'yes' : 'no');

       This module determines whether an email address is well-formed, and
       optionally, whether a mail host exists for the domain.

       Please note that there is no way to determine whether an address is
       deliverable without attempting delivery (for details, see perlfaq 9).

       This module requires perl 5.004 or later and the Mail::Address module.
       Either the Net::DNS module or the nslookup utility is required for DNS
       checks.	The Net::Domain::TLD module is required to check the validity
       of top level domains.

	 Every method which accepts an <ADDRESS> parameter may
	 be passed either a string or an instance of the Mail::Address
	 class.	 All errors raise an exception.

       new ( [PARAMS] )
	   This method is used to construct an Email::Valid object.  It
	   accepts an optional list of named parameters to control the
	   behavior of the object at instantiation.

	   The following named parameters are allowed.	See the individual
	   methods below of details.


       mx ( <ADDRESS>|<DOMAIN> )
	   This method accepts an email address or domain name and determines
	   whether a DNS record (A or MX) exists for it.

	   The method returns true if a record is found and undef if not.

	   Either the Net::DNS module or the nslookup utility is required for
	   DNS checks.	Using Net::DNS is the preferred method since error
	   handling is improved.  If Net::DNS is available, you can modify the
	   behavior of the resolver (e.g. change the default tcp_timeout
	   value) by manipulating the global Net::DNS::Resolver instance
	   stored in $Email::Valid::Resolver.

       rfc822 ( <ADDRESS> )
	   This method determines whether an address conforms to the RFC822
	   specification (except for nested comments).	It returns true if it
	   conforms and undef if not.

       fudge ( <TRUE>|<FALSE> )
	   Specifies whether calls to address() should attempt to correct
	   common addressing errors.  Currently, this results in the removal
	   of spaces in AOL addresses, and the conversion of commas to periods
	   in Compuserve addresses.  The default is false.

       allow_ip ( <TRUE>|<FALSE> )
	   Specifies whether a "domain literal" is acceptable as the domain
	   part.  That means addresses like:  "rjbs@[]"

	   The checking for the domain literal is stricter than the RFC and
	   looser than checking for a valid IP address, but this is subject to

	   The default is true.

       fqdn ( <TRUE>|<FALSE> )
	   Species whether addresses passed to address() must contain a fully
	   qualified domain name (FQDN).  The default is true.

	   Please note!	 FQDN checks only occur for non-domain-literals.  In
	   other words, if you have set "allow_ip" and the address ends in a
	   bracketed IP address, the FQDN check will not occur.

       tld ( <ADDRESS> )
	   This method determines whether the domain part of an address is in
	   a recognized top-level domain.

	   Please note!	 TLD checks only occur for non-domain-literals.	 In
	   other words, if you have set "allow_ip" and the address ends in a
	   bracketed IP address, the TLD check will not occur.

       local_rules ( <TRUE>|<FALSE> )
	   Specifies whether addresses passed to address() should be tested
	   for domain specific restrictions.  Currently, this is limited to
	   certain AOL restrictions that I'm aware of.	The default is false.

       mxcheck ( <TRUE>|<FALSE> )
	   Specifies whether addresses passed to address() should be checked
	   for a valid DNS entry.  The default is false.

       tldcheck ( <TRUE>|<FALSE> )
	   Specifies whether addresses passed to address() should be checked
	   for a valid top level domains.  The default is false.

       address ( <ADDRESS> )
	   This is the primary method which determines whether an email
	   address is valid.  It's behavior is modified by the values of
	   mxcheck(), tldcheck(), local_rules(), fqdn(), and fudge().  If the
	   address passes all checks, the (possibly modified) address is
	   returned as a string.  Otherwise, the undefined value is returned.
	   In a list context, the method also returns an instance of the
	   Mail::Address class representing the email address.

       details ()
	   If the last call to address() returned undef, you can call this
	   method to determine why it failed.  Possible values are:


	   If the class is not instantiated, you can get the same information
	   from the global $Email::Valid::Details.

       Let's see if the address '' conforms to the RFC822

	 print (Email::Valid->address('') ? 'yes' : 'no');

       Additionally, let's make sure there's a mail host for it:

	 print (Email::Valid->address( -address => '',
				       -mxcheck => 1 ) ? 'yes' : 'no');

       Let's see an example of how the address may be modified:

	 $addr = Email::Valid->address('Alfred Neuman <Neuman @>');
	 print "$addr\n"; # prints

       Now let's add the check for top level domains:

	 $addr = Email::Valid->address( -address => '',
					-tldcheck => 1 );
	 print "$addr\n"; # doesn't print anything

       Need to determine why an address failed?

	 unless(Email::Valid->address('maurice@hevanet')) {
	   print "address failed $Email::Valid::Details check.\n";

       If an error is encountered, an exception is raised.  This is really
       only possible when performing DNS queries.  Trap any exceptions by
       wrapping the call in an eval block:

	 eval {
	   $addr = Email::Valid->address( -address => '',
					  -mxcheck => 1 );
	 warn "an error was encountered: $@" if $@;

       Significant portions of this module are based on the ckaddr program
       written by Tom Christiansen and the RFC822 address pattern developed by
       Jeffrey Friedl.	Neither were involved in the construction of this
       module; all errors are mine.

       Thanks very much to the following people for their suggestions and bug

	 Otis Gospodnetic <>
	 Kim Ryan <>
	 Pete Ehlke <>
	 Lupe Christoph
	 David Birnbaum
	 Elizabeth Mattijsen (

       Mail::Address, Net::DNS, Net::Domain::TLD, perlfaq9

       Maurice Aubrey <>

       This software is copyright (c) 1998 by Maurice Aubrey.

       This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
       the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

perl v5.18.1			  2013-09-08		     Email::Valid(3pm)

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