File::MimeInfo::Applications man page on ElementaryOS

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File::MimeInfo::ApplicUsernContributed Perl DFile::MimeInfo::Applications(3pm)

       File::MimeInfo::Applications - Find programs to open a file by mimetype

	 use File::MimeInfo::Magic;
	 use File::MimeInfo::Applications;

	 my $file = '/foo/bar';
	 my $mimetype = mimetype($file)
	     || die "Could not find mimetype for $file\n";

	 my ($default, @other) = mime_applications($mimetype);

	 if (defined $default) {
	 else {
		 # prompt user with choice from @others
		 # ...

       This module tries to find applications that can open files with a
       certain mimetype. This is done in the way suggested by the freedesktop
       Desktop Entry specification. This module is intended to be compatible
       with file managers and other applications that implement this

       This module depends on File::DesktopEntry being installed.

       To use this module effectively you need to have the desktop-file-utils
       package from freedesktop and run update-desktop-database after
       installing new .desktop files.  See

       At the moment of writing this module is compatible with the way
       Nautilus (Gnome) and with Thunar (XFCE) handle applications for
       mimetypes. I understand KDE is still working on implementing the
       freedesktop mime specifications but will follow. At the very least all
       perl applications using this module are using the same defaults.

       All methods are exported by default.

	   Returns an array of File::DesktopEntry objects. The first is the
	   default application for this mimetype, the rest are applications
	   that say they can handle this mimetype.

	   If the first result is undefined there is no default application
	   and it is good practice to ask the user which application he wants
	   to use.

	   Like "mime_applications()" but also takes into account applications
	   that can open mimetypes from which MIMETYPE inherits. Parent
	   mimetypes tell something about the data format, all code inherits
	   from text/plain for example.

       "mime_applications_set_default(MIMETYPE, APPLICATION)"
	   Save a default application for this mimetype. This action will
	   affect other applications using the same mechanism to find a
	   default application.

	   APPLICATION can either be a File::DesktopEntry object or the
	   basename of a .desktop file.

       "mime_applications_set_custom(MIMETYPE, COMMAND)"
	   Save a custom shell command as default application.	Generates a
	   DesktopEntry file on the fly and calls
	   "mime_applications_set_custom".  Returns the DesktopEntry object.

	   No checks are done at all on COMMAND.  It should however contain at
	   least one word.

       At present the file with defaults is
       $XDG_DATA_HOME/applications/defaults.list.  This file is not specified
       in any freedesktop spec and if it gets standardized it should probably
       be located in $XDG_CONFIG_HOME. For this module I tried to implement
       the status quo.

       Jaap Karssenberg <> Maintained by Michiel Beijen

       Copyright (c) 2005, 2012 Jaap G Karssenberg. All rights reserved.  This
       program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
       under the same terms as Perl itself.

       File::DesktopEntry, File::MimeInfo, File::MimeInfo::Magic,


perl v5.18.2			  2013-11-04 File::MimeInfo::Applications(3pm)

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