SSL_CTX_set_options(3) OpenSSL SSL_CTX_set_options(3)NAME
SSL_CTX_set_options, SSL_set_options, SSL_CTX_get_options,
SSL_get_options - manipulate SSL engine options
long SSL_CTX_set_options(SSL_CTX *ctx, long options);
long SSL_set_options(SSL *ssl, long options);
long SSL_CTX_get_options(SSL_CTX *ctx);
long SSL_get_options(SSL *ssl);
DESCRIPTIONSSL_CTX_set_options() adds the options set via bitmask in options to
ctx. Options already set before are not cleared!
SSL_set_options() adds the options set via bitmask in options to ssl.
Options already set before are not cleared!
SSL_CTX_get_options() returns the options set for ctx.
SSL_get_options() returns the options set for ssl.
The behaviour of the SSL library can be changed by setting several
options. The options are coded as bitmasks and can be combined by a
logical or operation (|). Options can only be added but can never be
SSL_CTX_set_options() and SSL_set_options() affect the (external)
protocol behaviour of the SSL library. The (internal) behaviour of the
API can be changed by using the similar SSL_CTX_set_mode(3) and
During a handshake, the option settings of the SSL object are used.
When a new SSL object is created from a context using SSL_new(), the
current option setting is copied. Changes to ctx do not affect already
created SSL objects. SSL_clear() does not affect the settings.
The following bug workaround options are available:
www.microsoft.com - when talking SSLv2, if session-id reuse is
performed, the session-id passed back in the server-finished
message is different from the one decided upon.
Netscape-Commerce/1.12, when talking SSLv2, accepts a 32 byte
challenge but then appears to only use 16 bytes when generating the
encryption keys. Using 16 bytes is ok but it should be ok to use
32. According to the SSLv3 spec, one should use 32 bytes for the
challenge when operating in SSLv2/v3 compatibility mode, but as
mentioned above, this breaks this server so 16 bytes is the way to
ssl3.netscape.com:443, first a connection is established with
RC4-MD5. If it is then resumed, we end up using DES-CBC3-SHA. It
should be RC4-MD5 according to 22.214.171.124, 'cipher_suite'.
Netscape-Enterprise/2.01 (https://merchant.netscape.com) has this
bug. It only really shows up when connecting via SSLv2/v3 then
reconnecting via SSLv3. The cipher list changes....
NEW INFORMATION. Try connecting with a cipher list of just
DES-CBC-SHA:RC4-MD5. For some weird reason, each new connection
uses RC4-MD5, but a re-connect tries to use DES-CBC-SHA. So
netscape, when doing a re-connect, always takes the first cipher in
the cipher list.
As of OpenSSL 0.9.7h and 0.9.8a, this option has no effect.
Disables a countermeasure against a SSL 3.0/TLS 1.0 protocol
vulnerability affecting CBC ciphers, which cannot be handled by
some broken SSL implementations. This option has no effect for
connections using other ciphers.
All of the above bug workarounds.
It is usually safe to use SSL_OP_ALL to enable the bug workaround
options if compatibility with somewhat broken implementations is
The following modifying options are available:
Disable version rollback attack detection.
During the client key exchange, the client must send the same
information about acceptable SSL/TLS protocol levels as during the
first hello. Some clients violate this rule by adapting to the
server's answer. (Example: the client sends a SSLv2 hello and
accepts up to SSLv3.1=TLSv1, the server only understands up to
SSLv3. In this case the client must still use the same
SSLv3.1=TLSv1 announcement. Some clients step down to SSLv3 with
respect to the server's answer and violate the version rollback
Always create a new key when using temporary/ephemeral DH
parameters (see SSL_CTX_set_tmp_dh_callback(3)). This option must
be used to prevent small subgroup attacks, when the DH parameters
were not generated using "strong" primes (e.g. when using DSA-
parameters, see dhparam(1)). If "strong" primes were used, it is
not strictly necessary to generate a new DH key during each
handshake but it is also recommended. SSL_OP_SINGLE_DH_USE should
therefore be enabled whenever temporary/ephemeral DH parameters are
Always use ephemeral (temporary) RSA key when doing RSA operations
(see SSL_CTX_set_tmp_rsa_callback(3)). According to the
specifications this is only done, when a RSA key can only be used
for signature operations (namely under export ciphers with
restricted RSA keylength). By setting this option, ephemeral RSA
keys are always used. This option breaks compatibility with the
SSL/TLS specifications and may lead to interoperability problems
with clients and should therefore never be used. Ciphers with EDH
(ephemeral Diffie-Hellman) key exchange should be used instead.
When choosing a cipher, use the server's preferences instead of the
client preferences. When not set, the SSL server will always follow
the clients preferences. When set, the SSLv3/TLSv1 server will
choose following its own preferences. Because of the different
protocol, for SSLv2 the server will send its list of preferences to
the client and the client chooses.
If we accept a netscape connection, demand a client cert, have a
non-self-signed CA which does not have its CA in netscape, and the
browser has a cert, it will crash/hang. Works for 3.x and 4.xbeta
Do not use the SSLv2 protocol.
Do not use the SSLv3 protocol.
Do not use the TLSv1 protocol.
When performing renegotiation as a server, always start a new
session (i.e., session resumption requests are only accepted in the
initial handshake). This option is not needed for clients.
Normally clients and servers will, where possible, transparently
make use of RFC4507bis tickets for stateless session resumption if
extension support is explicitly set when OpenSSL is compiled.
If this option is set this functionality is disabled and tickets
will not be used by clients or servers.
RETURN VALUESSSL_CTX_set_options() and SSL_set_options() return the new options
bitmask after adding options.
SSL_CTX_get_options() and SSL_get_options() return the current bitmask.
SEE ALSOssl(3), SSL_new(3), SSL_clear(3), SSL_CTX_set_tmp_dh_callback(3),
SSL_OP_NO_SESSION_RESUMPTION_ON_RENEGOTIATION have been added in
SSL_OP_TLS_ROLLBACK_BUG has been added in OpenSSL 0.9.6 and was
automatically enabled with SSL_OP_ALL. As of 0.9.7, it is no longer
included in SSL_OP_ALL and must be explicitly set.
SSL_OP_DONT_INSERT_EMPTY_FRAGMENTS has been added in OpenSSL 0.9.6e.
Versions up to OpenSSL 0.9.6c do not include the countermeasure that
can be disabled with this option (in OpenSSL 0.9.6d, it was always
0.9.8k 2007-08-23 SSL_CTX_set_options(3)