aliases man page on HP-UX

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aliases(5)							    aliases(5)

       aliases - aliases file for sendmail

       The command (which is the same as see sendmail(1M)) builds the sendmail
       alias database from a text  file.   The	default	 text  file  is	 Local
       addresses  (local  user	names) are looked up in the alias database and
       expanded as necessary, unless the user name is preceded by a  backslash
       When the aliases file contains multiple entries for a given alias, only
       the last entry is used.	Except when the processing option (the send to
       me  option)  is	set  in	 the command or in the configuration file, the
       sender is not included in any alias expansions.	For example, if	 sends
       a message to and the expansion of includes the message is not delivered

       Each line of the alias text file must be of the form:

       Mailing lists can be continued onto multiple lines.  Each  continuation
       line must begin with white space.  Lines beginning with # are comments.

       A  mailing-list is a comma-separated list of one or more of the follow‐

	      user-name		       Local user  names  occurring  in	 alias
				       expansions will themselves be looked up
				       in the alias database unless  they  are
				       preceded by backslash

	      remote-address	       The remote address syntax understood by
				       is  configured  in  the	 configuration
				       file,   and   typically	 includes  the
				       RFC-822-style and the UUCP-style

	      filename		       This must be  an	 absolute  path	 name.
				       appends	a  message to the file only if
				       the directory in which  it  resides  is
				       readable	 and  searchable  by  all, and
				       only if the file already exists, is not
				       executable, and is writable by all.

	      pipes the message as standard input to the specified command.
				       If  command-line	 contains  blanks,  it
				       must be enclosed in quotation marks ().
				       For example,

	      reads		       filename	  for	a  list	 of  recipient
				       addresses and forwards the  message  to
				       each.  For example, an alias such as:

				       would  read  for	 the list of addresses
				       making up the group.

       If a file named exists in a user's home directory and is owned  by  the
       user,  redirects	 mail  for  that  user to the list of addresses in the

       An address in a or file can be anything that  can  appear  as  a	 mail‐
       ing-list in the alias text file.

       can  run	 programs or write to files using file.	 This is controlled by
       the file.  If the owner of the file lacks a valid shell	as  listed  in
       file,  the execution of such programs will be disallowed.  The user can
       still execute such programs by placing the special string in the file.

       The alias database is examined before a recipient's file	 is  examined.
       After  aliasing	has  been  done, local and valid recipients who have a
       file in their home directory will have messages forwarded to  the  list
       of users defined in that file.

       Aliasing	 occurs	 only  on  local names.	 Loops can not occur, since no
       message will be sent to any person more than once.

       Aliases defined in will NOT be expanded in headers from (see mailx(1)),
       but WILL be visible over networks and in headers from (see mail(1)).

       is  only	 the  raw data file. The actual aliasing information is placed
       into a binary format in the file using (see newaliases(1M)).

       A command should be executed each time the file is changed in order for
       the  change to take effect.  Note that the NIS alias maps are generated
       by using which leaves and in the directory.

       was developed by the University of California, Berkeley, and originally
       appeared in 4.0BSD.

       User's mail forwarding file

       raw data file for alias names

       database of alias names

       mail(1), mailx(1), makemap(1M), newaliases(1M), sendmail(1M).


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