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ARCHIVE_READ(3)		 BSD Library Functions Manual	       ARCHIVE_READ(3)

NAME
     archive_read_new, archive_read_set_filter_options,
     archive_read_set_format_options, archive_read_set_options,
     archive_read_support_compression_all,
     archive_read_support_compression_bzip2,
     archive_read_support_compression_compress,
     archive_read_support_compression_gzip,
     archive_read_support_compression_lzma,
     archive_read_support_compression_none,
     archive_read_support_compression_xz,
     archive_read_support_compression_program,
     archive_read_support_compression_program_signature,
     archive_read_support_format_all, archive_read_support_format_ar,
     archive_read_support_format_cpio, archive_read_support_format_empty,
     archive_read_support_format_iso9660, archive_read_support_format_mtree,
     archive_read_support_format_raw, archive_read_support_format_tar,
     archive_read_support_format_zip, archive_read_open, archive_read_open2,
     archive_read_open_fd, archive_read_open_FILE, archive_read_open_filename,
     archive_read_open_memory, archive_read_next_header,
     archive_read_next_header2, archive_read_data, archive_read_data_block,
     archive_read_data_skip, archive_read_data_into_buffer,
     archive_read_data_into_fd, archive_read_extract, archive_read_extract2,
     archive_read_extract_set_progress_callback, archive_read_close,
     archive_read_finish — functions for reading streaming archives

SYNOPSIS
     #include <archive.h>

     struct archive *
     archive_read_new(void);

     int
     archive_read_support_compression_all(struct archive *);

     int
     archive_read_support_compression_bzip2(struct archive *);

     int
     archive_read_support_compression_compress(struct archive *);

     int
     archive_read_support_compression_gzip(struct archive *);

     int
     archive_read_support_compression_lzma(struct archive *);

     int
     archive_read_support_compression_none(struct archive *);

     int
     archive_read_support_compression_xz(struct archive *);

     int
     archive_read_support_compression_program(struct archive *,
	 const char *cmd);

     int
     archive_read_support_compression_program_signature(struct archive *,
	 const char *cmd, const void *signature, size_t signature_length);

     int
     archive_read_support_format_all(struct archive *);

     int
     archive_read_support_format_ar(struct archive *);

     int
     archive_read_support_format_cpio(struct archive *);

     int
     archive_read_support_format_empty(struct archive *);

     int
     archive_read_support_format_iso9660(struct archive *);

     int
     archive_read_support_format_mtree(struct archive *);

     int
     archive_read_support_format_raw(struct archive *);

     int
     archive_read_support_format_tar(struct archive *);

     int
     archive_read_support_format_zip(struct archive *);

     int
     archive_read_set_filter_options(struct archive *, const char *);

     int
     archive_read_set_format_options(struct archive *, const char *);

     int
     archive_read_set_options(struct archive *, const char *);

     int
     archive_read_open(struct archive *, void *client_data,
	 archive_open_callback *, archive_read_callback *,
	 archive_close_callback *);

     int
     archive_read_open2(struct archive *, void *client_data,
	 archive_open_callback *, archive_read_callback *,
	 archive_skip_callback *, archive_close_callback *);

     int
     archive_read_open_FILE(struct archive *, FILE *file);

     int
     archive_read_open_fd(struct archive *, int fd, size_t block_size);

     int
     archive_read_open_filename(struct archive *, const char *filename,
	 size_t block_size);

     int
     archive_read_open_memory(struct archive *, void *buff, size_t size);

     int
     archive_read_next_header(struct archive *, struct archive_entry **);

     int
     archive_read_next_header2(struct archive *, struct archive_entry *);

     ssize_t
     archive_read_data(struct archive *, void *buff, size_t len);

     int
     archive_read_data_block(struct archive *, const void **buff, size_t *len,
	 off_t *offset);

     int
     archive_read_data_skip(struct archive *);

     int
     archive_read_data_into_buffer(struct archive *, void *, ssize_t len);

     int
     archive_read_data_into_fd(struct archive *, int fd);

     int
     archive_read_extract(struct archive *, struct archive_entry *,
	 int flags);

     int
     archive_read_extract2(struct archive *src, struct archive_entry *,
	 struct archive *dest);

     void
     archive_read_extract_set_progress_callback(struct archive *,
	 void (*func)(void *), void *user_data);

     int
     archive_read_close(struct archive *);

     int
     archive_read_finish(struct archive *);

DESCRIPTION
     These functions provide a complete API for reading streaming archives.
     The general process is to first create the struct archive object, set
     options, initialize the reader, iterate over the archive headers and
     associated data, then close the archive and release all resources.	 The
     following summary describes the functions in approximately the order they
     would be used:
     archive_read_new()
	     Allocates and initializes a struct archive object suitable for
	     reading from an archive.
     archive_read_support_compression_bzip2(),
	     archive_read_support_compression_compress(),
	     archive_read_support_compression_gzip(),
	     archive_read_support_compression_lzma(),
	     archive_read_support_compression_none(),
	     archive_read_support_compression_xz()
	     Enables auto-detection code and decompression support for the
	     specified compression.  Returns ARCHIVE_OK if the compression is
	     fully supported, or ARCHIVE_WARN if the compression is supported
	     only through an external program.	Note that decompression using
	     an external program is usually slower than decompression through
	     built-in libraries.  Note that “none” is always enabled by
	     default.
     archive_read_support_compression_all()
	     Enables all available decompression filters.
     archive_read_support_compression_program()
	     Data is fed through the specified external program before being
	     dearchived.  Note that this disables automatic detection of the
	     compression format, so it makes no sense to specify this in con‐
	     junction with any other decompression option.
     archive_read_support_compression_program_signature()
	     This feeds data through the specified external program but only
	     if the initial bytes of the data match the specified signature
	     value.
     archive_read_support_format_all(), archive_read_support_format_ar(),
	     archive_read_support_format_cpio(),
	     archive_read_support_format_empty(),
	     archive_read_support_format_iso9660(),
	     archive_read_support_format_mtree(),
	     archive_read_support_format_tar(),
	     archive_read_support_format_zip()
	     Enables support---including auto-detection code---for the speci‐
	     fied archive format.  For example,
	     archive_read_support_format_tar() enables support for a variety
	     of standard tar formats, old-style tar, ustar, pax interchange
	     format, and many common variants.	For convenience,
	     archive_read_support_format_all() enables support for all avail‐
	     able formats.  Only empty archives are supported by default.
     archive_read_support_format_raw()
	     The “raw” format handler allows libarchive to be used to read
	     arbitrary data.  It treats any data stream as an archive with a
	     single entry.  The pathname of this entry is “data”; all other
	     entry fields are unset.  This is not enabled by
	     archive_read_support_format_all() in order to avoid erroneous
	     handling of damaged archives.
     archive_read_set_filter_options(), archive_read_set_format_options(),
	     archive_read_set_options()
	     Specifies options that will be passed to currently-registered
	     filters (including decompression filters) and/or format readers.
	     The argument is a comma-separated list of individual options.
	     Individual options have one of the following forms:
	     option=value
		     The option/value pair will be provided to every module.
		     Modules that do not accept an option with this name will
		     ignore it.
	     option  The option will be provided to every module with a value
		     of “1”.
	     !option
		     The option will be provided to every module with a NULL
		     value.
	     module:option=value, module:option, module:!option
		     As above, but the corresponding option and value will be
		     provided only to modules whose name matches module.
	     The return value will be ARCHIVE_OK if any module accepts the
	     option, or ARCHIVE_WARN if no module accepted the option, or
	     ARCHIVE_FATAL if there was a fatal error while attempting to
	     process the option.

	     The currently supported options are:
	     Format iso9660
		     joliet  Support Joliet extensions.	 Defaults to enabled,
			     use !joliet to disable.
     archive_read_open()
	     The same as archive_read_open2(), except that the skip callback
	     is assumed to be NULL.
     archive_read_open2()
	     Freeze the settings, open the archive, and prepare for reading
	     entries.  This is the most generic version of this call, which
	     accepts four callback functions.  Most clients will want to use
	     archive_read_open_filename(), archive_read_open_FILE(),
	     archive_read_open_fd(), or archive_read_open_memory() instead.
	     The library invokes the client-provided functions to obtain raw
	     bytes from the archive.
     archive_read_open_FILE()
	     Like archive_read_open(), except that it accepts a FILE *
	     pointer.  This function should not be used with tape drives or
	     other devices that require strict I/O blocking.
     archive_read_open_fd()
	     Like archive_read_open(), except that it accepts a file descrip‐
	     tor and block size rather than a set of function pointers.	 Note
	     that the file descriptor will not be automatically closed at end-
	     of-archive.  This function is safe for use with tape drives or
	     other blocked devices.
     archive_read_open_file()
	     This is a deprecated synonym for archive_read_open_filename().
     archive_read_open_filename()
	     Like archive_read_open(), except that it accepts a simple file‐
	     name and a block size.  A NULL filename represents standard
	     input.  This function is safe for use with tape drives or other
	     blocked devices.
     archive_read_open_memory()
	     Like archive_read_open(), except that it accepts a pointer and
	     size of a block of memory containing the archive data.
     archive_read_next_header()
	     Read the header for the next entry and return a pointer to a
	     struct archive_entry.  This is a convenience wrapper around
	     archive_read_next_header2() that reuses an internal struct
	     archive_entry object for each request.
     archive_read_next_header2()
	     Read the header for the next entry and populate the provided
	     struct archive_entry.
     archive_read_data()
	     Read data associated with the header just read.  Internally, this
	     is a convenience function that calls archive_read_data_block()
	     and fills any gaps with nulls so that callers see a single con‐
	     tinuous stream of data.
     archive_read_data_block()
	     Return the next available block of data for this entry.  Unlike
	     archive_read_data(), the archive_read_data_block() function
	     avoids copying data and allows you to correctly handle sparse
	     files, as supported by some archive formats.  The library guaran‐
	     tees that offsets will increase and that blocks will not overlap.
	     Note that the blocks returned from this function can be much
	     larger than the block size read from disk, due to compression and
	     internal buffer optimizations.
     archive_read_data_skip()
	     A convenience function that repeatedly calls
	     archive_read_data_block() to skip all of the data for this ar‐
	     chive entry.
     archive_read_data_into_buffer()
	     This function is deprecated and will be removed.  Use
	     archive_read_data() instead.
     archive_read_data_into_fd()
	     A convenience function that repeatedly calls
	     archive_read_data_block() to copy the entire entry to the pro‐
	     vided file descriptor.
     archive_read_extract(), archive_read_extract_set_skip_file()
	     A convenience function that wraps the corresponding
	     archive_write_disk(3) interfaces.	The first call to
	     archive_read_extract() creates a restore object using
	     archive_write_disk_new(3) and
	     archive_write_disk_set_standard_lookup(3), then transparently
	     invokes archive_write_disk_set_options(3),
	     archive_write_header(3), archive_write_data(3), and
	     archive_write_finish_entry(3) to create the entry on disk and
	     copy data into it.	 The flags argument is passed unmodified to
	     archive_write_disk_set_options(3).
     archive_read_extract2()
	     This is another version of archive_read_extract() that allows you
	     to provide your own restore object.  In particular, this allows
	     you to override the standard lookup functions using
	     archive_write_disk_set_group_lookup(3), and
	     archive_write_disk_set_user_lookup(3).  Note that
	     archive_read_extract2() does not accept a flags argument; you
	     should use archive_write_disk_set_options() to set the restore
	     options yourself.
     archive_read_extract_set_progress_callback()
	     Sets a pointer to a user-defined callback that can be used for
	     updating progress displays during extraction.  The progress func‐
	     tion will be invoked during the extraction of large regular
	     files.  The progress function will be invoked with the pointer
	     provided to this call.  Generally, the data pointed to should
	     include a reference to the archive object and the archive_entry
	     object so that various statistics can be retrieved for the
	     progress display.
     archive_read_close()
	     Complete the archive and invoke the close callback.
     archive_read_finish()
	     Invokes archive_read_close() if it was not invoked manually, then
	     release all resources.  Note: In libarchive 1.x, this function
	     was declared to return void, which made it impossible to detect
	     certain errors when archive_read_close() was invoked implicitly
	     from this function.  The declaration is corrected beginning with
	     libarchive 2.0.

     Note that the library determines most of the relevant information about
     the archive by inspection.	 In particular, it automatically detects
     gzip(1) or bzip2(1) compression and transparently performs the appropri‐
     ate decompression.	 It also automatically detects the archive format.

     A complete description of the struct archive and struct archive_entry
     objects can be found in the overview manual page for libarchive(3).

CLIENT CALLBACKS
     The callback functions must match the following prototypes:

	   typedef ssize_t archive_read_callback(struct archive *,
	   void *client_data, const void **buffer)

	   typedef int archive_skip_callback(struct archive *,
	   void *client_data, size_t request)

	   typedef int archive_open_callback(struct archive *, void
	   *client_data)

	   typedef int archive_close_callback(struct archive *, void
	   *client_data)

     The open callback is invoked by archive_open().  It should return
     ARCHIVE_OK if the underlying file or data source is successfully opened.
     If the open fails, it should call archive_set_error() to register an
     error code and message and return ARCHIVE_FATAL.

     The read callback is invoked whenever the library requires raw bytes from
     the archive.  The read callback should read data into a buffer, set the
     const void **buffer argument to point to the available data, and return a
     count of the number of bytes available.  The library will invoke the read
     callback again only after it has consumed this data.  The library imposes
     no constraints on the size of the data blocks returned.  On end-of-file,
     the read callback should return zero.  On error, the read callback should
     invoke archive_set_error() to register an error code and message and
     return -1.

     The skip callback is invoked when the library wants to ignore a block of
     data.  The return value is the number of bytes actually skipped, which
     may differ from the request.  If the callback cannot skip data, it should
     return zero.  If the skip callback is not provided (the function pointer
     is NULL ), the library will invoke the read function instead and simply
     discard the result.  A skip callback can provide significant performance
     gains when reading uncompressed archives from slow disk drives or other
     media that can skip quickly.

     The close callback is invoked by archive_close when the archive process‐
     ing is complete.  The callback should return ARCHIVE_OK on success.  On
     failure, the callback should invoke archive_set_error() to register an
     error code and message and return ARCHIVE_FATAL.

EXAMPLE
     The following illustrates basic usage of the library.  In this example,
     the callback functions are simply wrappers around the standard open(2),
     read(2), and close(2) system calls.

	   void
	   list_archive(const char *name)
	   {
	     struct mydata *mydata;
	     struct archive *a;
	     struct archive_entry *entry;

	     mydata = malloc(sizeof(struct mydata));
	     a = archive_read_new();
	     mydata->name = name;
	     archive_read_support_compression_all(a);
	     archive_read_support_format_all(a);
	     archive_read_open(a, mydata, myopen, myread, myclose);
	     while (archive_read_next_header(a, &entry) == ARCHIVE_OK) {
	       printf("%s\n",archive_entry_pathname(entry));
	       archive_read_data_skip(a);
	     }
	     archive_read_finish(a);
	     free(mydata);
	   }

	   ssize_t
	   myread(struct archive *a, void *client_data, const void **buff)
	   {
	     struct mydata *mydata = client_data;

	     *buff = mydata->buff;
	     return (read(mydata->fd, mydata->buff, 10240));
	   }

	   int
	   myopen(struct archive *a, void *client_data)
	   {
	     struct mydata *mydata = client_data;

	     mydata->fd = open(mydata->name, O_RDONLY);
	     return (mydata->fd >= 0 ? ARCHIVE_OK : ARCHIVE_FATAL);
	   }

	   int
	   myclose(struct archive *a, void *client_data)
	   {
	     struct mydata *mydata = client_data;

	     if (mydata->fd > 0)
	       close(mydata->fd);
	     return (ARCHIVE_OK);
	   }

RETURN VALUES
     Most functions return zero on success, non-zero on error.	The possible
     return codes include: ARCHIVE_OK (the operation succeeded), ARCHIVE_WARN
     (the operation succeeded but a non-critical error was encountered),
     ARCHIVE_EOF (end-of-archive was encountered), ARCHIVE_RETRY (the opera‐
     tion failed but can be retried), and ARCHIVE_FATAL (there was a fatal
     error; the archive should be closed immediately).	Detailed error codes
     and textual descriptions are available from the archive_errno() and
     archive_error_string() functions.

     archive_read_new() returns a pointer to a freshly allocated struct
     archive object.  It returns NULL on error.

     archive_read_data() returns a count of bytes actually read or zero at the
     end of the entry.	On error, a value of ARCHIVE_FATAL, ARCHIVE_WARN, or
     ARCHIVE_RETRY is returned and an error code and textual description can
     be retrieved from the archive_errno() and archive_error_string() func‐
     tions.

     The library expects the client callbacks to behave similarly.  If there
     is an error, you can use archive_set_error() to set an appropriate error
     code and description, then return one of the non-zero values above.
     (Note that the value eventually returned to the client may not be the
     same; many errors that are not critical at the level of basic I/O can
     prevent the archive from being properly read, thus most I/O errors even‐
     tually cause ARCHIVE_FATAL to be returned.)

SEE ALSO
     tar(1), archive(3), archive_util(3), tar(5)

HISTORY
     The libarchive library first appeared in FreeBSD 5.3.

AUTHORS
     The libarchive library was written by Tim Kientzle ⟨kientzle@acm.org⟩.

BUGS
     Many traditional archiver programs treat empty files as valid empty ar‐
     chives.  For example, many implementations of tar(1) allow you to append
     entries to an empty file.	Of course, it is impossible to determine the
     format of an empty file by inspecting the contents, so this library
     treats empty files as having a special “empty” format.

BSD				April 13, 2009				   BSD
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