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ARP(8)			  BSD System Manager's Manual			ARP(8)

     arp — address resolution display and control

     arp [-n] [-i interface] hostname
     arp [-n] [-i interface] -a
     arp -d hostname [pub]
     arp -d [-i interface] -a
     arp -s hostname ether_addr [temp] [blackhole | reject] [pub [only]]
     arp -S hostname ether_addr [temp] [blackhole | reject] [pub [only]]
     arp -f filename

     The arp utility displays and modifies the Internet-to-Ethernet address
     translation tables used by the address resolution protocol (arp(4)).
     With no flags, the program displays the current ARP entry for hostname.
     The host may be specified by name or by number, using Internet dot nota‐

     Available options:

     -a	     The program displays or deletes all of the current ARP entries.

     -d	     A super-user may delete an entry for the host called hostname
	     with the -d flag.	If the pub keyword is specified, only the
	     “published” ARP entry for this host will be deleted.

	     Alternatively, the -d flag may be combined with the -a flag to
	     delete all entries.

     -i interface
	     Limit the operation scope to the ARP entries on interface.
	     Applicable only to the following operations: display one, display
	     all, delete all.

     -n	     Show network addresses as numbers (normally arp attempts to dis‐
	     play addresses symbolically).

     -s hostname ether_addr
	     Create an ARP entry for the host called hostname with the Ether‐
	     net address ether_addr.  The Ethernet address is given as six hex
	     bytes separated by colons.	 The entry will be permanent unless
	     the word temp is given in the command.  If the word pub is given,
	     the entry will be “published”; i.e., this system will act as an
	     ARP server, responding to requests for hostname even though the
	     host address is not its own.  In this case the ether_addr can be
	     given as auto in which case the interfaces on this host will be
	     examined, and if one of them is found to occupy the same subnet,
	     its Ethernet address will be used.	 If the only keyword is also
	     specified, this will create a “published (proxy only)” entry.
	     This type of entry is created automatically if arp detects that a
	     routing table entry for hostname already exists.

	     If the reject keyword is specified the entry will be marked so
	     that traffic to the host will be discarded and the sender will be
	     notified the host is unreachable.	The blackhole keyword is simi‐
	     lar in that traffic is discarded but the sender is not notified.
	     These can be used to block external traffic to a host without
	     using a firewall.

     -S hostname ether_addr
	     Is just like -s except any existing ARP entry for this host will
	     be deleted first.

     -f filename
	     Cause the file filename to be read and multiple entries to be set
	     in the ARP tables.	 Entries in the file should be of the form

		   hostname ether_addr [temp] [blackhole | reject] [pub

	     with argument meanings as given above.  Leading whitespace and
	     empty lines are ignored.  A ‘#’ character will mark the rest of
	     the line as a comment.

     inet(3), arp(4), ifconfig(8), ndp(8)

     The arp utility appeared in 4.3BSD.

BSD			       December 25, 2008			   BSD

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