BLKID(8) System Administration BLKID(8)NAMEblkid - locate/print block device attributes
SYNOPSISblkid-L label | -U uuid
blkid [-dghlv] [-c file] [-w file] [-o format]
[-s tag] [-t NAME=value] [device ...]
blkid-p [-O offset] [-S size] [-o format] [-s tag]
[-n list] [-u list] device ...
blkid-i [-o format] [-s tag] device ...
The blkid program is the command-line interface to working with the
libblkid(3) library. It can determine the type of content (e.g.
filesystem or swap) that a block device holds, and also attributes
(tokens, NAME=value pairs) from the content metadata (e.g. LABEL or
blkid has two main forms of operation: either searching for a device
with a specific NAME=value pair, or displaying NAME=value pairs for one
or more specified devices.
The size and offset arguments may be followed by binary (2^N) suffixes
KiB, MiB, GiB, TiB, PiB and EiB (the "iB" is optional, e.g. "K" has the
same meaning as "KiB") or decimal (10^N) suffixes KB, MB, GB, PB and
Read from cachefile instead of reading from the default cache
file /etc/blkid.tab. If you want to start with a clean cache
(i.e. don't report devices previously scanned but not necessar‐
ily available at this time), specify /dev/null.
-d Don't encode non-printing characters. The non-printing charac‐
ters are encoded by ^ and M- notation by default. Note that -o
udev output format uses a diffrent encoding and this encoding
cannot be disabled.
-g Perform a garbage collection pass on the blkid cache to remove
devices which no longer exist.
-h Display a usage message and exit.
-i Display I/O Limits (aka I/O topology) information. The 'export'
output format is automatically enabled. This option can be used
together with the -p option.
-l Look up only one device that matches the search parameter speci‐
fied with -t.
-k List all known filesystems and RAIDs and exit.
-t option. If there are multiple devices that match the specified
search parameter, then the device with the highest priority is
returned, and/or the first device found at a given priority.
Device types in order of decreasing priority are Device Mapper,
EVMS, LVM, MD, and finally regular block devices. If this
option is not specified, blkid will print all of the devices
that match the search parameter.
Look up the device that uses this label (equal to: -l -o device
-t LABEL=<label>). This lookup method is able to reliably use
/dev/disk/by-label udev symlinks (dependent on a setting in
/etc/blkid.conf). Avoid using the symlinks directly; it is not
reliable to use the symlinks without verification. The -L
option works on systems with and without udev.
Unfortunately, the original blkid(8) from e2fsprogs use the -L
option as a synonym for the -o list option. For better porta‐
bility, use -l -o device -t LABEL=<label> and -o list in your
scripts rather than the -L option.
Restrict the probing functions to the specified (comma-sepa‐
rated) list of superblock types (names). The list items may be
prefixed with "no" to specify the types which should be ignored.
blkid-p -n vfat,ext3,ext4 /dev/sda1
probes for vfat, ext3 and ext4 filesystems, and
blkid-p -n nominix /dev/sda1
probes for all supported formats except minix filesystems. This
option is only useful together with -p.
Display blkid's output using the specified format. The format
parameter may be:
full print all tags (the default)
value print the value of the tags
list print the devices in a user-friendly format; this output
format is unsupported for low-level probing (-p or -i)
device print the device name only; this output format is always
enabled for -L and -U options
udev print key="value" pairs for easy import into the udev
environment; the keys are prefixed by ID_FS_ or ID_PART_
The udev output returns the ID_FS_AMBIVALENT tag if more
superblocks are detected, and ID_PART_ENTRY_* tags are
always returned for all partitions including empty parti‐
export print key=value pairs for easy import into the environ‐
ment; this output format is automatically enabled when
I/O Limits (-i option) are requested
Probe at the given offset (only useful with -p). This option
can be used together with the -i option.
-p Switch to low-level superblock probing mode (bypass cache).
Note that low-level probing also returns information about par‐
tition table type (PTTYPE tag) and partitions (PART_ENTRY_*
-s tag For each (specified) device, show only the tags that match tag.
It is possible to specify multiple -s options. If no tag is
specified, then all tokens are shown for all (specified)
devices. In order to just refresh the cache without showing any
tokens, use -s none with no other options.
Overwrite device/file size (only useful with -p).
Search for block devices with tokens named NAME that have the
value value, and display any devices which are found. Common
values for NAME include TYPE, LABEL, and UUID. If there are no
devices specified on the command line, all block devices will be
searched; otherwise only the specified devices are searched.
Restrict the probing functions to the specified (comma-sepa‐
rated) list of "usage" types. Supported usage types are:
filesystem, raid, crypto and other. The list items may be pre‐
fixed with "no" to specify the usage types which should be
ignored. For example:
blkid-p -u filesystem,other /dev/sda1
probes for all filesystem and other (e.g. swap) formats, and
blkid-p -u noraid /dev/sda1
probes for all supported formats except RAIDs. This option is
only useful together with -p.
Look up the device that uses this uuid. For more details see
the -L option.
-v Display version number and exit.
Write the device cache to writecachefile instead of writing it
to the default cache file /etc/blkid.tab. If you don't want to
save the cache at all, specify /dev/null. If not specified, it
will be the same file as that given with the -c option.
device Display tokens from only the specified device. It is possible
to give multiple device options on the command line. If none is
given, all devices which appear in /proc/partitions are shown,
if they are recognized.
If the specified token was found, or if any tags were shown from (spec‐
ified) devices, 0 is returned.
If the specified token was not found, or no (specified) devices could
be identified, an exit code of 2 is returned.
For usage or other errors, an exit code of 4 is returned.
If the ambivalent low-level probing result was detected, an exit code
of 8 is returned.
AUTHORblkid was written by Andreas Dilger for libblkid and improved by
Theodore Ts'o and Karel Zak.
The blkid command is part of the util-linux package and is available
SEE ALSOlibblkid(3)findfs(8)wipefs(8)util-linux February 2011 BLKID(8)