BTCFLASH(1L) Schily´s USER COMMANDS BTCFLASH(1L)NAMEbtcflash - Firmware flash utility for BTC DRW1008 DVD+/-RW recorder
SYNOPSISbtcflash dev=device [ options ] [ f=firmwarefile ]
Btcflash is used to read update the Firmware for a BTC DRW1008 DVD+/-RW
Be very careful when writing firmware as this program does not check
for the correctness of the target device.
The device refers to scsibus/target/lun of the drive. Communication on
SunOS is done with the SCSI general driver scg. Other operating sys‐
tems are using a library simulation of this driver. Possible syntax
is: dev= scsibus,target,lun or dev= target,lun. In the latter case,
the drive has to be connected to the default SCSI bus of the machine.
Scsibus, target and lun are integer numbers. Some operating systems or
SCSI transport implementations may require to specify a filename in
addition. In this case the correct syntax for the device is: dev=
devicename:scsibus,target,lun or dev= devicename:target,lun. If the
name of the device node that has been specified on such a system refers
to exactly one SCSI device, a shorthand in the form dev= devicename:@
or dev= devicename:@,lun may be used instead of dev= devicename:scsi‐
To access remote SCSI devices, you need to prepend the SCSI device name
by a remote device indicator. The remote device indicator is either
REMOTE:user@host: or REMOTE:host:
A valid remote SCSI device name may be: REMOTE:user@host: to allow
remote SCSI bus scanning or REMOTE:user@host:1,0,0 to access the SCSI
device at host connected to SCSI bus # 1,target 0 lun 0.
To access SCSI devices via alternate transport layers, you need to
prepend the SCSI device name by a transport layer indicator. The
transport layer indicator may be something like USCSI: or ATAPI:. To
get a list of supported transport layers for your platform, use dev=
To make btcflash portable to all UNIX platforms, the syntax dev= devi‐
cename:scsibus,target,lun is preferred as is hides OS specific knowl‐
edge about device names from the user. A specific OS must not neces‐
sarily support a way to specify a real device file name nor a way to
Scsibus 0 is the default SCSI bus on the machine. Watch the boot mes‐
sages for more information or look into /var/adm/messages for more
information about the SCSI configuration of your machine. If you have
problems to figure out what values for scsibus,target,lun should be
used, try the -scanbus option of btcflash.
OPTIONS-help Prints a short summary of the p options and exists.
Print version information and exit.
Sets the SCSI target for the drive, see notes above. A typical
device specification is dev=6,0 . If a filename must be pro‐
vided together with the numerical target specification, the
filename is implementation specific. The correct filename in
this case can be found in the system specific manuals of the
target operating system. On a FreeBSD system without CAM sup‐
port, you need to use the control device (e.g. /dev/rcd0.ctl).
A correct device specification in this case may be
On Linux, drives connected to a parallel port adapter are mapped
to a virtual SCSI bus. Different adapters are mapped to differ‐
ent targets on this virtual SCSI bus.
If no dev option is present, cdrecord will try to get the device
from the CDR_DEVICE environment.
If the argument to the dev= option does not contain the charac‐
ters ',', '/', '@' or ':', it is interpreted as an label name
that may be found in the file /etc/default/cdrecord (see FILES
Set the default SCSI command timeout value to # seconds. The
default SCSI command timeout is the minimum timeout used for
sending SCSI commands. If a SCSI command fails due to a time‐
out, you may try to raise the default SCSI command timeout above
the timeout value of the failed command. If the command runs
correctly with a raised command timeout, please report the bet‐
ter timeout value and the corresponding command to the author of
the program. If no timeout option is present, a default timeout
of 40 seconds is used.
Set the misc debug value to # (with debug=#) or increment the
misc debug level by one (with -d). If you specify -dd, this
equals to debug=2. This may help to find problems while opening
a driver for libscg. as well as with sector sizes and sector
types. Using -debug slows down the process and may be the rea‐
son for a buffer underrun.
Tell the scg-driver to modify the kernel debug value while SCSI
commands are running.
Do not print out a status report for failed SCSI commands.
-v Increment the level of general verbosity by one. This is used
e.g. to display the progress of the process.
-V Increment the verbose level with respect of SCSI command trans‐
port by one. This helps to debug problems during the process,
that occur in the CD-Recorder. If you get incomprehensible
error messages you should use this flag to get more detailed
output. -VV will show data buffer content in addition. Using
-V or -VV slows down the process.
f=file Specify the filename where the firmware should be read from.
Scan all SCSI devices on all SCSI busses and print the inquiry
strings. This option may be used to find SCSI address of the
devices on a system. The numbers printed out as labels are com‐
puted by: bus * 100 + target
ts=# Set the maximum transfer size for a single SCSI command to #.
The syntax for the ts= option is the same as for cdrecord fs=#
or sdd bs=#.
If no ts= option has been specified, btcflash defaults to a
transfer size of 256 kB. If libscg gets lower values from the
operating system, the value is reduced to the maximum value that
is possible with the current operating system. Sometimes, it
may help to further reduce the transfer size or to enhance it,
but note that it may take a long time to find a better value by
experimenting with the ts= option.
RSH If the RSH environment is present, the remote connection will
not be created via rcmd(3) but by calling the program pointed to
by RSH. Use e.g. RSH=/usr/bin/ssh to create a secure shell
Note that this forces cdrecord to create a pipe to the rsh(1)
program and disallows cdrecord to directly access the network
socket to the remote server. This makes it impossible to set up
performance parameters and slows down the connection compared to
a root initiated rcmd(3) connection.
RSCSI If the RSCSI environment is present, the remote SCSI server will
not be the program /opt/schily/sbin/rscsi but the program
pointed to by RSCSI. Note that the remote SCSI server program
name will be ignored if you log in using an account that has
been created with a remote SCSI server program as login shell.
SEE ALSOcdrecord(1), scg(7), rcmd(3), ssh(1).
A typical error message for a SCSI command looks like:
btcflash: I/O error. test unit ready: scsi sendcmd: no error
CDB: 00 20 00 00 00 00
status: 0x2 (CHECK CONDITION)
Sense Bytes: 70 00 05 00 00 00 00 0A 00 00 00 00 25 00 00 00 00 00
Sense Key: 0x5 Illegal Request, Segment 0
Sense Code: 0x25 Qual 0x00 (logical unit not supported) Fru 0x0
Sense flags: Blk 0 (not valid)
cmd finished after 0.002s timeout 40s
The first line gives information about the transport of the command.
The text after the first colon gives the error text for the system call
from the view of the kernel. It usually is: I/O error unless other
problems happen. The next words contain a short description for the
SCSI command that fails. The rest of the line tells you if there were
any problems for the transport of the command over the SCSI bus. fatal
error means that it was not possible to transport the command (i.e. no
device present at the requested SCSI address).
The second line prints the SCSI command descriptor block for the failed
The third line gives information on the SCSI status code returned by
the command, if the transport of the command succeeds. This is error
information from the SCSI device.
The fourth line is a hex dump of the auto request sense information for
The fifth line is the error text for the sense key if available, fol‐
lowed by the segment number that is only valid if the command was a
copy command. If the error message is not directly related to the cur‐
rent command, the text deferred error is appended.
The sixth line is the error text for the sense code and the sense qual‐
ifier if available. If the type of the device is known, the sense data
is decoded from tables in scsierrs.c . The text is followed by the
error value for a field replaceable unit.
The seventh line prints the block number that is related to the failed
command and text for several error flags. The block number may not be
The eight line reports the timeout set up for this command and the time
that the command really needed to complete.
Additional information can be found on:
If you have support questions, send them to:
If you have definitely found a bug, send a mail to:
To subscribe, use:
Joerg Schilling 06/02/08 BTCFLASH(1L)