ix man page on 4.4BSD

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IX(4)		       BSD/vax Kernel Interfaces Manual			 IX(4)

NAME
     ix — Interlan Np100 10 Mb/s Ethernet interface

SYNOPSIS
     device np0 at uba0 csr 166000 vector npintr

DESCRIPTION
     The ix interface provides access to a 10 Mb/s Ethernet network through an
     Interlan Np100 controller used as a link-layer interface.

     This interface is unusual in that it requires loading firmware into the
     controller before it may be used as a network interface.  This is accom‐
     plished by opening a character special device, and writing data to it.  A
     program to load the image is provided in /usr/src/new/np100.  The
     sequence of commands would be:

	   # ./npload np.image [/dev/np<board #> if other than np00]
	   # sleep 10
	   # ifconfig ix0 ...

     Each of the host's network addresses is specified at boot time with an
     SIOCSIFADDR ioctl(2).  The ix interface employs the address resolution
     protocol described in arp(4) to dynamically map between Internet and Eth‐
     ernet addresses on the local network.

     The interface normally tries to use a “trailer” encapsulation to minimize
     copying data on input and output.	The use of trailers is negotiated with
     ARP.  This negotiation may be disabled, on a per-interface basis, by set‐
     ting the IFF_NOTRAILERS flag with an SIOCSIFFLAGS ioctl.

DIAGNOSTICS
     ix%d: Req failed, cmd %x, stat %x, ust error %x,%x.  The firmware in the
     controller refused to honor a request from UNIX in initializing packet
     level communications.  The board may need to be reset and reloaded.  Or,
     you may not have allowed enough time between loading the board and issu‐
     ing the request to begin unix network operation.

     ix%d: can't initialize.  The interface was unable to obtain unibus
     resources required for operation.

     ix%d: failed to reinitialize DLA module.  The interface got sick after
     attempting to reprogram its physical ethernet address.  Try reloading the
     firmware.	The attempt is made only when this interfaces is not the first
     one configured for XNS.

     ix%d: can't handle af%d.  The interface was handed a message with
     addresses formatted in an unsuitable address family; the packet was
     dropped.

     ix%d: stray xmit interrupt, npreq=%x.  This may happen if the board is
     reloaded while network processes are still running.

     ixrint: cqe error %x, %x, %x.  This will result if an ifconfig(8) request
     is made at an inopportune time, such as not allowing enough time after
     loading the firmware.  After 100 such errors are logged, the unix network
     driver will shut itself down, saying:

     ixrint: shutting down unix dla.  The recourse is to reload the firmware
     and allow more time.

SEE ALSO
     netintro(4), inet(4), arp(4), np(4).

HISTORY
     The ix driver appeared in 4.3BSD.

4.2 Berkeley Distribution	 June 5, 1993	     4.2 Berkeley Distribution
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