PKG_INFO(1) BSD General Commands Manual PKG_INFO(1)NAMEpkg_info — a utility for displaying information on software packages
SYNOPSISpkg_info [-bcdDEfghGiIjkKLmopPqQrRsvVxX] [-e package] [-l prefix]
[-t template] -a | pkg-name ...
pkg_info [-qQ] -W filename
pkg_info [-qQ] -O origin
The pkg_info command is used to dump out information for packages, either
packed up in files with the pkg_create(1) command or already installed on
the system with the pkg_add(1) command.
The following command line options are supported:
The named packages are described. A package name may either be
the name of an installed package, the pathname to a package dis‐
tribution file or a URL to an FTP available package. Package
version numbers can also be matched in a relational manner using
the >=, <=, > and < operators. For example,
will match versions 20030723 and later of the portupgrade pack‐
Show all currently installed packages.
Use the BLOCKSIZE environment variable for output even when the
-q or -Q flag is present.
Print help message.
Turn on verbose output.
-p Show the installation prefix for each package.
Be “quiet” in emitting report headers and such, just dump the raw
info (basically, assume a non-human reading).
-Q Be “quiet” as above but print preface output with the package
-c Show the (one line) comment field for each package.
-d Show the long description field for each package.
-D Show the install-message file for each package.
-f Show the packing list instructions for each package.
-g Show files that do not match the recorded checksum.
-i Show the install script (if any) for each package.
-I Show an index line for each package. This option takes prece‐
dence over all other package formatting options.
-j Show the requirements script (if any) for each package.
-k Show the de-install script (if any) for each package.
Keep any downloaded package in PKGDIR if it is defined or in cur‐
rent directory by default.
-r For each of the specified packages, show the list of packages on
which it depends.
-R For each of the specified packages, show the list of installed
packages which require it.
-m Show the mtree(8) file (if any) for each package.
-L Show the files within each package. This is different from just
viewing the packing list, since full pathnames for everything are
-s Show the total size occupied by files installed within each pack‐
-o Show the “origin” path recorded on package generation. This path
is the directory name in the FreeBSD Ports Collection of the
underlying port from which the package was generated.
Do not try to expand shell glob patterns in the pkg-name when
selecting packages to be displayed (by default pkg_info automati‐
cally expands shell glob patterns in the pkg-name).
-W, --which filename
For the specified filename argument show which package it belongs
to. If the file is not in the current directory, and does not
have an absolute path, then the directories specified in the
environment variable PATH are searched using which(1).
-O, --origin origin
List all packages having the specified origin.
Treat the pkg-name as a regular expression and display informa‐
tion only for packages whose names match that regular expression.
Multiple regular expressions could be provided, in that case
pkg_info displays information about all packages that match at
least one regular expression from the list.
Like -x, but treats the pkg-name as an extended regular expres‐
-e, --exists package
If the package identified by package is currently installed,
return 0, otherwise return 1. This option allows you to easily
test for the presence of another (perhaps prerequisite) package
from a script.
-E Show only matching package names. This option takes precedence
over all other package formatting options. If any packages
match, return 0, otherwise return 1.
Prefix each information category header (see -q) shown with
prefix. This is primarily of use to front-end programs that want
to request a lot of different information fields at once for a
package, but do not necessarily want the output intermingled in
such a way that they cannot organize it. This lets you add a
special token to the start of each field.
-t, --template template
Use template as the argument to mktemp(3) when creating a
“staging area”. By default, this is the string
/tmp/instmp.XXXXXX, but it may be necessary to override it in the
situation where space in your /tmp directory is limited. Be sure
to leave some number of ‘X’ characters for mktemp(3) to fill in
with a unique ID.
Note: This should really not be necessary with pkg_info,
since very little information is extracted from each pack‐
age and one would have to have a very small /tmp indeed to
-V Show revision number of the packing list format.
Show revision number of package tools.
Package info is either extracted from package files named on the command
line, or from already installed package information in
BLOCKSIZE If the environment variable BLOCKSIZE is set the block counts
will be displayed in units of that size block.
PKG_TMPDIR Points to the directory where pkg_info creates its temporary
files. If this variable is not set, TMPDIR is used. If both
are unset, the builtin defaults are used.
PKG_DBDIR Specifies an alternative location for the installed package
PKG_PATH Specifies an alternative package location, if a given package
cannot be found.
PKGDIR Specifies an alternative location to save downloaded packages
/var/tmp Used if the environment variables PKG_TMPDIR and TMPDIR are
not set, or if the directories named have insufficient
/tmp The next choice if /var/tmp does not exist or has insuffi‐
/usr/tmp The last choice if /tmp is unsuitable.
/var/db/pkg Default location of the installed package database.
SEE ALSOpkg_add(1), pkg_create(1), pkg_delete(1), pkg_version(1), mktemp(3),
John Kohl ⟨email@example.com⟩, Oliver Eikemeier ⟨eik@FreeBSD.org⟩
Sure to be some.
BSD May 30, 2008 BSD