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STACK(9)		 BSD Kernel Developer's Manual		      STACK(9)

     stack — kernel thread stack tracing routines

     #include <sys/param.h>
     #include <sys/stack.h>
     In the kernel configuration file:
     options DDB
     options STACK

     struct stack *

     stack_destroy(struct stack *st);

     stack_put(struct stack *st, vm_offset_t pc);

     stack_copy(struct stack *src, struct stack dst);

     stack_zero(struct stack *st);

     stack_print(struct stack *st);

     stack_print_ddb(struct stack *st);

     stack_print_short(struct stack *st);

     stack_print_short_ddb(struct stack *st);

     stack_sbuf_print(struct sbuf sb*, struct stack *st);

     stack_sbuf_print_ddb(struct sbuf sb*, struct stack *st);

     stack_save(struct stack *st);

     The stack KPI allows querying of kernel stack trace information and the
     automated generation of kernel stack trace strings for the purposes of
     debugging and tracing.  To use the KPI, at least one of options DDB and
     options STACK must be compiled into the kernel.

     Each stack trace is described by a struct stack.  Before a trace may be
     created or otherwise manipulated, storage for the trace must be allocated
     with stack_create(), which may sleep.  Memory associated with a trace is
     freed by calling stack_destroy().

     A trace of the current kernel thread's call stack may be captured using

     stack_print() and stack_print_short() may be used to print a stack trace
     using the kernel printf(9), and may sleep as a result of acquiring sx(9)
     locks in the kernel linker while looking up symbol names.	In locking-
     sensitive environments, the unsynchronized stack_print_ddb() and
     stack_print_short_ddb() variants may be invoked.  This function bypasses
     kernel linker locking, making it usable in ddb(4), but not in a live sys‐
     tem where linker data structures may change.

     stack_sbuf_print() may be used to construct a human-readable string,
     including conversion (where possible) from a simple kernel instruction
     pointer to a named symbol and offset.  The argument sb must be an ini‐
     tialized struct sbuf as described in sbuf(9).  This function may sleep if
     an auto-extending struct sbuf is used, or due to kernel linker locking.
     In locking-sensitive environments, such as ddb(4), the unsynchronized
     stack_sbuf_print_ddb() variant may be invoked to avoid kernel linker
     locking; it should be used with a fixed-length sbuf.

     The utility functions stack_zero, stack_copy, and stack_put may be used
     to manipulate stack data structures directly.

     ddb(4), printf(9), sbuf(9), sx(9)

     The stack(9) function suite was created by Antoine Brodin.	 stack(9) was
     extended by Robert Watson for general-purpose use outside of ddb(4).

BSD				 June 24, 2009				   BSD

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