vmstat man page on Gentoo

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VMSTAT(8)		     System Administration		     VMSTAT(8)

NAME
       vmstat - Report virtual memory statistics

SYNOPSIS
       vmstat [options] [delay [count]]

DESCRIPTION
       vmstat  reports	information about processes, memory, paging, block IO,
       traps, disks and cpu activity.

       The first report produced gives averages since the last reboot.	 Addi‐
       tional  reports	give information on a sampling period of length delay.
       The process and memory reports are instantaneous in either case.

OPTIONS
       delay  The delay between updates in seconds.  If no delay is specified,
	      only one report is printed with the average values since boot.

       count  Number  of updates.  In absence of count, when delay is defined,
	      default is infinite.

       -a, --active
	      Display active and  inactive memory, given a  2.5.41  kernel  or
	      better.

       -f, --forks
	      The  -f  switch  displays	 the number of forks since boot.  This
	      includes the fork, vfork, and clone system calls, and is equiva‐
	      lent to the total number of tasks created.  Each process is rep‐
	      resented by one or more tasks, depending on thread usage.	  This
	      display does not repeat.

       -m, --slabs
	      Displays slabinfo.

       -n, --one-header
	      Display the header only once rather than periodically.

       -s, --stats
	      Displays	a  table  of various event counters and memory statis‐
	      tics.  This display does not repeat.

       -d, --disk
	      Report disk statistics (2.5.70 or above required).

       -D, --disk-sum
	      Report some summary statistics about disk activity.

       -p, --partition device
	      Detailed statistics about partition (2.5.70 or above required).

       -S, --unit character
	      Switches outputs between 1000 (k), 1024  (K),  1000000  (m),  or
	      1048576  (M)  bytes.  Note this does not change the swap (si/so)
	      or block (bi/bo) fields.

       -V, --version
	      Display version information and exit.

       -h, --help
	      Display help and exit.

FIELD DESCRIPTION FOR VM MODE
   Procs
       r: The number of runnable processes (running or waiting for run time).
       b: The number of processes in uninterruptible sleep.

   Memory
       swpd: the amount of virtual memory used.
       free: the amount of idle memory.
       buff: the amount of memory used as buffers.
       cache: the amount of memory used as cache.
       inact: the amount of inactive memory.  (-a option)
       active: the amount of active memory.  (-a option)

   Swap
       si: Amount of memory swapped in from disk (/s).
       so: Amount of memory swapped to disk (/s).

   IO
       bi: Blocks received from a block device (blocks/s).
       bo: Blocks sent to a block device (blocks/s).

   System
       in: The number of interrupts per second, including the clock.
       cs: The number of context switches per second.

   CPU
       These are percentages of total CPU time.
       us: Time spent running non-kernel code.	(user time, including nice time)
       sy: Time spent running kernel code.  (system time)
       id: Time spent idle.  Prior to Linux 2.5.41, this includes IO-wait time.
       wa: Time spent waiting for IO.  Prior to Linux 2.5.41, included in idle.
       st: Time stolen from a virtual machine.	Prior to Linux 2.6.11, unknown.

FIELD DESCRIPTION FOR DISK MODE
   Reads
       total: Total reads completed successfully
       merged: grouped reads (resulting in one I/O)
       sectors: Sectors read successfully
       ms: milliseconds spent reading

   Writes
       total: Total writes completed successfully
       merged: grouped writes (resulting in one I/O)
       sectors: Sectors written successfully
       ms: milliseconds spent writing

   IO
       cur: I/O in progress
       s: seconds spent for I/O

FIELD DESCRIPTION FOR DISK PARTITION MODE
       reads: Total number of reads issued to this partition
       read sectors: Total read sectors for partition
       writes : Total number of writes issued to this partition
       requested writes: Total number of write requests made for partition

FIELD DESCRIPTION FOR SLAB MODE
       cache: Cache name
       num: Number of currently active objects
       total: Total number of available objects
       size: Size of each object
       pages: Number of pages with at least one active object

NOTES
       vmstat does not require special permissions.

       These reports are intended to help identify system bottlenecks.	 Linux
       vmstat does not count itself as a running process.

       All  linux  blocks  are	currently  1024 bytes.	Old kernels may report
       blocks as 512 bytes, 2048 bytes, or 4096 bytes.

       Since procps 3.1.9, vmstat lets you choose units (k, K, m, M).  Default
       is K (1024 bytes) in the default mode.

       vmstat uses slabinfo 1.1

FILES
       /proc/meminfo
       /proc/stat
       /proc/*/stat

SEE ALSO
       free(1), iostat(1), mpstat(1), ps(1), sar(1), top(1)

BUGS
       Does not tabulate the block io per device or count the number of system
       calls.

AUTHORS
       Written by Henry Ware ⟨al172@yfn.ysu.edu⟩.
       Fabian Frédérick	 ⟨ffrederick@users.sourceforge.net⟩  (diskstat,	 slab,
       partitions...)

REPORTING BUGS
       Please send bug reports to ⟨procps@freelists.org⟩

procps-ng			September 2011			     VMSTAT(8)
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