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find(1)								       find(1)

Name
       find - find files

Syntax
       find pathname-list  expression

Description
       The command recursively descends the directory hierarchy for each path‐
       name in the pathname-list (that is,  one	 or  more  pathnames)  seeking
       files  that  match  a boolean expression written in the primaries given
       below.  In the descriptions, the argument n is used as a decimal	 inte‐
       ger  where  +n  means  more  than n, -n means less than n , and n means
       exactly n.

Options
       -atime n	      Tests true if the file has been accessed in n days.

       -cpio output   Writes current file on output in the  format  (5120-byte
		      records)	specified  in  the reference page.  The output
		      can be either a file or tape device.   If	 output	 is  a
		      tape device the B key must be used to read data from the
		      tape.

       -ctime n	      Tests true if the file has been changed in n days.

       -depth	      Always true; causes descent of the  directory  hierarchy
		      to  be done so that all entries in a directory are acted
		      on before	 the  directory	 itself	 (that	is,  postorder
		      instead  of  preorder).  This can be useful when is used
		      with to transfer files that are contained in directories
		      without write permission.

       -exec command  Tests  true  if  specified  command returns a 0 on exit.
		      The end of the command must be punctuated by an  escaped
		      semicolon.   A  command argument `{}' is replaced by the
		      current pathname.

       -group gname   Tests true if group ID matches specified group name.

       -inum n	      Tests true if the file has inode number n.

       -links n	      Tests true if the file has n links.

       -mount	      Tests true if the current file is on the same file  sys‐
		      tem as the current starting pathname.

       -mtime n	      Tests true if the file has been modified in n days.

       -name filename Tests  true if the filename argument matches the current
		      file name.  Normal Shell argument syntax may be used  if
		      escaped (watch out for `[', `?' and `*').

       -newer file    Tests  true  if  the current file has been modified more
		      recently than the argument file.

       -ok command    Executes specified  command  on  standard	 output,  then
		      standard	input  is  read and command executed only upon
		      response y.

       -perm onum     Tests true if file has specified octal number.  For fur‐
		      ther  information,  see  If  onum is prefixed by a minus
		      sign, more flag bits (017777) become significant and the
		      flags  are  compared:  (flags&onum)==onum.   For further
		      information, see

       -print	      Prints current pathname.

       -size n	      Tests true if the file is n blocks long (512  bytes  per
		      block).

       -type c	      Tests  true  if  file  is	 c type ( c = b, block special
		      file: c, character special file: d, directory: f,	 plain
		      file: l, symbolic link: p, type port: s, type socket).

       -user uname    Tests  true  if file owner is login name or numeric user
		      ID.

       The primaries may be combined using the following operators  (in	 order
       of decreasing precedence):

       1)  A  parenthesized  group of primaries and operators (parentheses are
	   special to the Shell and must be escaped).

       2)  The negation of a primary (`!' is the unary not operator).

       3)  Concatenation of primaries (the and operation  is  implied  by  the
	   juxtaposition of two primaries).

       4)  Alternation of primaries (`-o' is the or operator).

Examples
       To  remove all files named `a.out' or `*.o' that have not been accessed
       for a week:
       find / \( -name a.out -o -name '*.o' \) \
       -atime +7 -exec rm {} \;

       To find all files on the root file system type:
       find / -mount -print

       To write all the files on the root file system to tape:
       find / -mount -print -cpio /dev/rmt?h
       cpio -iBvt < /dev/rmt?h

       To find all the mount points on the root file system type:
       find / ! -mount -print

Files
See Also
       cpio(1), sh(1), test(1), cpio(5), fs(5)

								       find(1)
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