intro man page on HP-UX

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intro(1M)							     intro(1M)

       intro  -	 introduction  to  system maintenance commands and application

       This section describes commands that are used chiefly for system	 main‐
       tenance	and  administration  purposes.	 The  commands in this section
       should be used in conjunction with other sections of  this  manual,  as
       well as the HP-UX System Administration manuals for your system.

   Command Syntax
       Unless  otherwise  noted,  commands  described  in  this section accept
       options and other arguments according to the following syntax:

	      name [ option ( s )] [ cmd_arg ( s )]

       where the elements are defined as follows:

	      name	Name of an executable file.

	      option	One or more options can	 appear	 on  a	command	 line.
			Each takes one of the following forms:

			     A single letter representing an option without an

			     Two or more single-letter options
				    combined into a single command-line	 argu‐

			     A	single-letter  option  followed	 by a required
			     argument where:
					      is the single letter  represent‐
					      ing  an  option that requires an
					      is   an	argument    (character
					      string) satisfying the preceding
				       <>     represents optional white space.

	      cmd_arg	Path name (or other command  argument)	not  beginning
			with  or  by itself indicating the standard input.  If
			two or more cmd_args appear, they must be separated by
			white space.

       Upon  termination,  each	 command returns two bytes of status, one sup‐
       plied by the system giving the cause for termination, and (in the  case
       of  ``normal''  termination)  one supplied by the program (for descrip‐
       tions, see wait(2) and exit(2)).	 The system-supplied  byte  is	0  for
       normal  termination.  The byte provided by the program is customarily 0
       for successful execution and non-zero to	 indicate  errors  or  failure
       such  as incorrect parameters in the command line, or bad or inaccessi‐
       ble data.  Values returned are usually called variously ``exit  code'',
       ``exit  status'', or ``return code'', and are described only where spe‐
       cial conventions are involved.

       Some commands produce unexpected results when processing files contain‐
       ing  null  characters.	These commands often treat text input lines as
       strings and therefore become confused upon encountering a null  charac‐
       ter (the string terminator) within a line.

       getopt(1), exit(2), wait(2), getopt(3C), hier(5), introduction(9).

       Web access to HP-UX documentation at


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