mkproto(8) Unsupported mkproto(8)Namemkproto - construct a prototype file system
/etc/mkproto special proto
The command is used to bootstrap a new file system. First a new file
system is created using The command is then used to copy files from the
old file system into the new file system according to the directions
found in the prototype file proto. The prototype file contains tokens
separated by spaces or new lines. The first tokens comprise the speci‐
fication for the root directory. File specifications consist of tokens
giving the mode, the user-id, the group id, and the initial contents of
the file. The syntax of the contents field depends on the mode.
The mode token for a file is a 6 character string. The first character
specifies the type of the file. (The characters -bcd specify regular,
block special, character special and directory files respectively.)
The second character of the type is either u or - to specify set-user-
id mode or not. The third is g or - for the set-group-id mode. The
rest of the mode is a three digit octal number giving the owner, group,
and other read, write, execute permissions. See
Two decimal number tokens come after the mode; they specify the user
and group ID's of the owner of the file.
If the file is a regular file, the next token is a pathname whence the
contents and size are copied.
If the file is a block or character special file, two decimal number
tokens follow which give the major and minor device numbers.
If the file is a directory, makes the entries . and .. and then reads
a list of names and (recursively) file specifications for the entries
in the directory. The scan is terminated with the token $.
A sample prototype specification follows:
d--777 3 1
usr d--777 3 1
sh ---755 3 1 /bin/sh
ken d--755 6 1
b0 b--644 3 1 0 0
c0 c--644 3 1 0 0
You can only run on virgin file systems. It should be possible to copy
files into existent file systems.
See Alsodir(5), fs(5), fsck(8), newfs(8)mkproto(8)