forw man page on Ultrix

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forw(1mh)							     forw(1mh)

       forw - forward messages

       forw [ msgs ] [ +folder ] [ options ]

       Use  to	send  one  or  more messages on to recipients who were not the
       original addressees.  All messages to be	 forwarded  are	 encapsulated,
       and  a message header is added.	Forwarded messages appear to originate
       from the forwarder and not the sender of the original message.

       You can specify the message which you want to forward by giving	a  msg
       argument.   You	can  supply one or more message numbers, or a range of
       messages.  If you do not supply a message  number,  takes  the  current
       message.	  You  can  also specify a message in another folder by giving
       the +folder argument.  This argument can be used	 in  conjunction  with
       the msg argument.

       An editor is invoked so that you can edit the forwarded message, or add
       text before or after the encapsulated message.  When you exit from  the
       editor,	you  receive a prompt asking what you want to do with the com‐
       pleted draft.  This prompt usually takes the form What  now?   See  for
       more information on the options available.

       If you forward a number of messages, each forwarded message is encapsu‐
       lated separately.  When received, the message is suitable for expanding

       By  default,  the  mail	system uses a standard message header for for‐
       warded messages.	 This is taken from the system	file  You  can	supply
       your  own  header by creating a file called in your Mail directory.  If
       this file exists, automatically uses the header	in  it	when  creating
       draft messages.

       If  you	do not have a draft folder set up, creates your new draft in a
       file called in your Mail directory, usually This	 file  must  be	 empty
       before  you can create a new draft, which means that you can only store
       one draft at a time.  If it is not empty, the mail system will ask  you
       what you want to do with the existing contents.	The options are:

       quit	 Aborts leaving the draft intact.

       replace	 Replaces  the	existing  draft	 with  the appropriate message

       list	 Displays the draft message.

       refile	 Refiles the existing draft message in the  specified  folder,
		 and provides a new message form for you to complete.

       If  you	want to be able to have more than one draft message at a time,
       you can set up a draft folder in your This allows you to keep  as  many
       unsent  drafts  as  space  allows, and still create new messages as you
       wish.  To do this, make sure that the following line is in your
       Draft-folder: +drafts
       For more information on how to do this, see

       If you set up a draft folder, all draft messages are  created  in  that
       folder.	 If  you  decide  not to send the draft, by typing at the What
       now? prompt, the message is stored in the draft folder.	You  can  then
       re-edit	the  message,  or  send	 it at a later date, by using the -use
       option to the command.

       If you use as your editor, you can specify the -prepend	option	to  in
       the  file.  If you do this, any text you add is entered before the for‐
       warded messages.	 See for details of the other options.

		 Annotates the message	you  are  forwarding.	The  following
		 lines are added to the message that you are forwarding:
		 Forwarded: date
		 Forwarded: address(es)
		 The first line records the time at which the message was for‐
		 warded; the second records the addresses of the recipients of
		 the forwarded message.

		 The  command  only  annotates messages when they are success‐
		 fully sent.  If you do not send the message  immediately  and
		 file  the unsent draft, it will not be annotated.  It is also
		 possible to confuse by using to send the message, and	renum‐
		 bering	 it before it is sent, for example by using to reorder
		 the folder.

       -draftfolder foldername
		 Specifies the folder in which the draft message  is  created.
		 If  you  do not send the draft, the mail system will store it
		 in this folder.

		 This option is usually set up in your See for	more  informa‐
		 tion.	If you have this option set up, you can override it by
		 using the -nodraftfolder option.

       -draftmessage filename
		 Specifies the file in which the draft message is created.  If
		 no  absolute  pathname is given, the file is assumed to be in
		 your Mail directory, usually If you do not send the  message,
		 it  is	 stored in the named file until you delete it, or send
		 it at a later date.

       -editor editorname
		 Specify the editor that you want to use  to  edit  your  for‐
		 warded	 message.   You	 can  supply  the name of any approved
		 ULTRIX editor.

       -filter filterfile
		 Reformats (filters) the forwarded messages prior to inclusion
		 in  the  draft	 message.   If you do not specify -filter, the
		 forwarded messages are included in the draft exactly as  they
		 appear.   This	 option allows you to re-format them according
		 to instructions in a named filter file.  This must be an  mhl
		 file; see for more information.

		 The  -format  option also re-formats messages before encapsu‐
		 lating them in the draft.  However, -format always re-formats
		 according to the instructions in the default file.  The -fil‐
		 ter option allows you to use your own, named filter  file  to
		 format the messages.

       -form formfile
		 Specifies the message header to be used in the draft message.
		 If this option is present, takes the header of the draft mes‐
		 sage from the named file.  If this option is not present, the
		 header is taken from the file	in  your  Mail	directory,  or
		 failing  that, from the mail system default header.  However,
		 the -form option overrides both of these.

       -noformat Reformats the messages to be forwarded before enclosing  them
		 in  the  draft	 message.  If this option is not supplied, the
		 forwarded messages are included in the draft exactly as  they
		 appear.   With	 the  -format option, the forwarded message is
		 re-formatted according to the instructions  in	 the  file  in
		 your  Mail  directory.	 If this file does not exist, the mes‐
		 sage is formatted according to the system file The file is an
		 mhl file; see for more information.

		 You  can  also use the -filter filterfile option to re-format
		 messages.  The difference is that -format  always  takes  its
		 instructions  from  the  file.	 With -filter, you can specify
		 the name of the filter file you want to use.

       -help	 Prints a list of the legal options to this command.

		 Causes annotation to be done in place, to preserve  links  to
		 the  annotated	 message.   This  option  only	works with the
		 -annotate option.

       -noedit	 Suppresses editing of the draft message altogether.

       -whatnowproc program
		 Specifies an  alternative  program.   Normally,  invokes  the
		 default  program.  See for a discussion of available options.
		 You can specify your own alternative to the  default  program
		 using	the  -whatnowproc  program  option.  If you do specify
		 your own program, you should not call it

		 You can suppress the program entirely by using	 the  -nowhat‐
		 nowproc  option.  However, as the program normally starts the
		 initial edit, the -nowhatnowproc option will prevent you from
		 editing the message.

       The following are defaults for this command:

	      +folder defaults to the current folder
	      msgs defaults to the current message

Profile Components
       Path:	       To determine your Mail directory
       Draft-Folder:   To find the default draft folder
       Editor:	       To override the default editor
       Msg-Protect:    To set mode when creating a new message (draft)
       fileproc:       Program to refile the message
       mhlproc:	       Program to filter messages being forwarded
       whatnowproc:    Program to ask the “What now?” questions

       The default system template for forwarded messages.

       The user-supplied alternative to the default system template.

       The user-supplied alternative to the system message template
		 used with -digest.

       The default message filter.

       The user-supplied alternative to the default system message filter.

       The user profile.

       The draft file.

See Also
       comp(1mh), dist(1mh), refile(1mh), repl(1mh), send(1mh), whatnow(1mh)
       Proposed Standard for Message Encapsulation (RFC 934)


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