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mh_profile(5mh)						       mh_profile(5mh)

Name
       mh_profile - user customization for MH message system

Description
       Each  user  of  MH  is expected to have a file named in his or her home
       directory.  This file contains a set of static user parameters used  by
       some  or all of the MH family of programs.  Each line of the file is in
       the format:
       profile-component: value

       In addition, MH keeps information about changes in context  (for	 exam‐
       ple,  the  current  folder  and message) in the file, which is normally
       located in the user's Mail directory.  MH also  consults	 a  number  of
       environment  variables.	 Both  the  file entries and these environment
       variables are described in this reference page.

   Profile File Entries
       The possible profile components are described in the  following	table.
       Only  Path  is  mandatory.   The others are optional; some have default
       values if they are not  present.	  In  the  notation  used  below,  the
       default value is given in parentheses ( ) at the end of each entry.

       When  giving path names, is used to indicate the user's Mail directory.
       This is the directory given by the Path entry in	 the  user's  profile,
       and is set up initially by MH to be

       Locates MH transactions in the named directory.
		 If  the  directory  path name is not absolute (does not begin
		 with a / ), it is assumed to begin in the user's home	direc‐
		 tory.	 When  you first use MH, it creates a directory called
		 in your home directory, and adds the appropriate entry to the
		 (no default)

       Declares the location of the MH context file.
		 (default:

       Names the sequences which should be defined as the
		 msgs or msg argument given to the program.  If	 not  present,
		 or empty, no sequences are defined.  Otherwise, for each name
		 given, the sequence is first zeroed and then each message  is
		 added to the sequence.
		 (no default)

       Defines the string which, when prefixed to a sequence name,
		 negates that sequence.	 Hence, the argument notseen means all
		 those messages that are not a member of the sequence seen.
		 (no default)

       Names the sequences which should be defined
		 as  those  messages  recently	incorporated  by  The  command
		 removes  messages from this sequence once it thinks they have
		 been seen.  If	 not  present,	or  empty,  no	sequences  are
		 defined.   Otherwise,	for  each  name given, the sequence is
		 first zeroed and then each message is added to the sequence.
		 (no default)

       The name of the file in each folder which defines public sequences.
		 To disable the use of public sequences, leave the value  por‐
		 tion of this entry blank.
		 (default:

       Defines editor to be used by
		 and
		 (default:

       Defines octal protection bits for message files.
		 See for an explanation of the octal number.
		 (default: 0600)

       Defines protection bits for folder directories.
		 See for an explanation of the octal number.
		 (default: 0700)

       Sets options to be used
		 whenever  an  MH  command is invoked.	You should only set up
		 options in your profile, not arguments (options  are  usually
		 introduced  by	 a dash - ).  You can override the options set
		 up in the by giving an option on the command line.  For exam‐
		 ple,  you  could  override  the Editor profile component when
		 replying to messages by typing the command:
		 % repl -editor /bin/ed
		 (no default)

       Defines the alias file to be used by MH commands
		 which take the -alias option.	The named file must be in  the
		 correct format; see
		 (no default)

       Names nexteditor to be the default editor
		 after using lasteditor.  This takes effect at What now? level
		 in and After editing the draft with lasteditor,  the  default
		 editor is set to be nexteditor.  If the user types edit with‐
		 out any arguments at the  What now? prompt,  then  nexteditor
		 is used.
		 (no default)

       If present, tells
		 to  compose  an  Emacs	 audit	file  in addition to its other
		 tasks.
		 (no default)

       Tells	 and which addresses are really yours.	 In  this  way,	 knows
		 which addresses should be included in the reply, and knows if
		 the message really originated from you.   Addresses  must  be
		 separated by a comma, and the host names listed should be the
		 official host names for the mailboxes you indicate, as	 local
		 nicknames for hosts are not replaced with their official site
		 names.	 For each address, if a host is not given,  then  that
		 address on any host is considered to be you.  In addition, an
		 asterisk (*) may appear at either or both ends of the mailbox
		 and host to indicate wild-card matching.
		 (default: your user-id)

       Specifies the name of the draft folder.
		 This  is  used	 by and to construct draft messages in, and to
		 store unsent draft messages.  A draft folder  allows  you  to
		 have  more than one unsent draft at a time.  The draft folder
		 is conventionally called
		 (no default)

       Tells	 your maildrop, if different from the default.	This is super‐
		 seded by the $MAILDROP environment variable.
		 (default: /usr/spool/mail/$USER)

       Tells	 your  mail  signature.	  This is superseded by the $SIGNATURE
		 environment variable.	The signature must be enclosed in dou‐
		 ble quotes (" ").
		 (no default)

       The  following profile elements are used whenever an MH program invokes
       some other program such as The can be used to select  alternative  pro‐
       grams if the user wishes.  The default values are as follows:
       fileproc:       /usr/bin/mh/refile
       incproc:	       /usr/bin/mh/inc
       installproc:    /usr/lib/mh/install-mh
       lproc:	       /usr/ucb/more
       mailproc:       /usr/bin/mh/mhmail
       mhlproc:	       /usr/lib/mh/mhl
       moreproc:       /usr/ucb/more
       mshproc:	       /usr/bin/mh/msh
       packproc:       /usr/bin/mh/packf
       postproc:       /usr/lib/mh/post
       rmmproc:		none
       rmfproc:	       /usr/bin/mh/rmf
       sendproc:       /usr/bin/mh/send
       showproc:       /usr/ucb/more
       whatnowproc:    /usr/bin/mh/whatnow
       whomproc:       /usr/bin/mh/whom

   Context File Entries
       Changes	in  context are made to the file kept in the users Mail direc‐
       tory.  This includes, but is not limited to, the Current-Folder	entry,
       and  all private sequence information.  Information kept in the file is
       updated by MH programs as they  are  used;  the	contains  only	static
       information, which MH programs do not update.

       The  may override the path of the file by specifying a entry (this must
       be in lower-case).  If the entry is not absolute (does not  start  with
       then it is interpreted relative to the user's Mail directory.

       Private	sequence  information  is  kept	 in the file.  Public sequence
       information is kept in a file called in each folder.

       The file may contain the following components:

       Keeps track of the current open folder.
	      (default:

       Keeps track of the private sequence called
	      in the specified folder.
	      (no default)

       The contents of the folder-stack for the
	      command.
	      (no default)

       Tells  the last issue of the last volume sent for the digest
	      (no default)

       Tells  the last volume sent for the digest
	      (no default)

   Environment Variables
       In addition to the and files, MH programs consult a number of  environ‐
       ment variables.

       If  you	define the environment variable $MH, you can specify a profile
       other than to be read by the MH programs that you invoke.  If the value
       of  $MH	is not absolute, (that is, does not begin with / ), it will be
       presumed to start from the current working directory.  This is  one  of
       the very few exceptions in MH where non-absolute pathnames are not con‐
       sidered relative to the user's Mail directory.

       Similarly, if you define the environment variable $MHCONTEXT,  you  can
       specify	a  context other than the normal context file (as specified in
       the Unless the value of $MHCONTEXT is absolute, it will be presumed  to
       start from your Mail directory.

       MH programs also consult the following environment variables:

       Tells	 the  default  maildrop.  This supersedes the Maildrop profile
		 entry.

       Tells	 and your mail signature.  This supersedes the Signature  pro‐
		 file entry.

       Tells all MH programs your home directory.

       Tells MH your terminal type.
		 The $TERMCAP environment variable is also consulted.  In par‐
		 ticular, these two environment	 variables  tell  and  how  to
		 clear	your terminal, and how many columns wide your terminal
		 is.  They also tell how many lines long your terminal	screen
		 is.

       Some environment variables are set by MH programs for These are:

       The alternative message.
		 Set  by  and during edit sessions so you can view the message
		 being distributed or replied to.  The message is also	avail‐
		 able  through	a  link	 called @ in the current directory, as
		 long as your current working directory has write  permission.
		 If  your  current working directory and the folder containing
		 the message are on the same file system, this link is a  hard
		 link; otherwise, it is a symbolic link.

       The path to the working draft.
		 Set  by and to tell the which file to ask What now? questions
		 about.	 In addition, and set $mhfolder if appropriate.

       Set by	 and to tell the about an alternative message associated  with
		 the draft (the message being distributed or replied to).

       Set by	 to tell the that message redistribution is occurring.

       Set to tell the
		 your choice of editor (unless overridden by -noedit).

       May be set by

       Set by	 and  if  annotations  are to occur.  The reason
		 for this is that the MH  user	can  select  any
		 program  as  the  including one of the standard
		 shells.  As a result, it  is  not  possible  to
		 pass information via an argument list.

       The folder containing the alternate message.
		 Set by and during edit sessions so you can view
		 other messages in the current	folder,	 besides
		 the  one  being distributed or replied to.  The
		 $mhfolder environment variable is also	 set  by
		 and for use by

Restrictions
       The  shell  quoting  conventions are not available in the
       Each token is separated by white space.

       It is recommended that you only set up options to MH com‐
       mands  (and  their  values) in the Arguments such as file
       names, folders,	and  message  sequences	 should	 not  be
       included in profile entries.

       When  conflicting  options  are given to MH commands, the
       last option takes effect; earlier options are  discarded.
       This  means  that you can override an option you have set
       up in your by giving a conflicting option at the	 command
       line.   Other  arguments, such as file names, folders, or
       message sequences, are always  remembered,  and	are  not
       superseded by later arguments of the same kind.	Hence it
       is unwise to give arguments of this kind in  your  (Files
       and  folders can be included in the as values to options,
       for example, -draftfolder +drafts.  They	 should	 not  be
       included	 when they stand as independent arguments to the
       command.)

       If you find that an MH program is being invoked again and
       again   with  the  same	arguments  (and	 these	are  not
       options), there are several possible solutions.

       The first is to create a symbolic link in your  directory
       to  the MH program of your choice.  By giving this link a
       different name, you can create a new entry in  your  pro‐
       file and use an alternate set of defaults for the MH com‐
       mand.

       Similarly, you could create a small  shell  script  which
       calls the MH program of your choice with an alternate set
       of invocation line switches.  Using links and  an  alter‐
       nate profile entry is preferable to this solution.

       Finally, if you are a user, you could create an alias for
       the command of the form:
       alias cmd /usr/bin/mh/cmd arg1 arg2 ...
       In this way, you can avoid typing lengthy commands to the
       shell,  and still give MH commands safely.  Remember that
       some MH commands invoke others, and that	 in  all  cases,
       the  profile is read.  This means that aliases are disre‐
       garded beyond an initial command invocation.

Files
       The user profile.

       The user's context file.

       Public sequences for a particular folder.

See Also
       chmod(1), mh(1mh), environ(5)

							       mh_profile(5mh)
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