dtoc(1)dtoc(1)Namedtoc - unpacks a DOTS file after transfer of DDIF or DTIF documents
Syntaxdtoc [ -f ] [ -p ] [[ object.dots ] directory ]
The dtoc command unpacks the contents of a DOTS (Data Object Transport
Syntax) file or standard input after transfer of the DOTS file from one
location to another, usually via mail. The contents of the DOTS file
typically are a DDIF compound document or DTIF file and their exter‐
nally linked subfiles.
The object.dots input can be either a file name or a minus sign (-) for
standard input. If you specify a minus sign (-), or if no file name is
present, the dtoc command reads from the standard input. If you spec‐
ify directory, the content of the DOTS file is unpacked and stored in
the specified directory. If you do not specify directory, the content
of the DOTS file is unpacked into the current directory. The names of
the files created are written to standard output.
If the dtoc command encounters duplicate file or directory names while
unpacking the DOTS file, a new output file is generated with a sequen‐
tial number appended to its name. For example, if one of the DOTS sub‐
files has the same name as the existing file foo.ddif, the dtoc command
unpacks and names the subfile foo.ddif.1.
References to externally linked subfiles and their file names are
updated and modified during unpacking, particularly if the DOTS file
originated on a non-UNIX system.
Options-f Suppresses output of unpacked file names.
-p Causes only the name of the primary output file to be written to
If a minus sign (-) is specified, or if no parameters are specified,
dtoc reads from standard input until it encounters a or EOF (end of
file), which can be specified no more than once. The contents of stan‐
dard input must conform to the syntax of a single DOTS file.
Reconstitution of Names
DDIF or DTIF file names and the file names of referenced subfiles may
be modified as objects are extracted or unpacked. If names are modi‐
fied, the references in the unpacked DDIF or DTIF are updated. The
handling of files names depends in part on the name-type of the object,
UNIX file names
Names are unmodified, except that any path or directory
is removed since the primary document and its references
are unpacked into the same directory. A period and unique
number are applied to any file name that would duplicate
an existing file.
VMS file names
The set of rules is as follows:
Convert uppercase letters to lowercase.
Convert dollar signs ($) to underscores (_).
Ignore disk volume and directory specifications,
if they are present, because they are not likely
to be meaningful on UNIX systems.
Append duplicate file names with a period and a
All other characters are unmodified.
A DOTS file is expected to contain only a single primary DDIF or DTIF
object in this release. Any subsequent objects in the DOTS file are
external references of the primary object.
If all files were unpacked successfully, the exit status is 0. If any
of the files could not be unpacked, the exit status is 1. Consult your
standard error location for a description of why the files could not be
If a nonexistent target directory is specified, the dtoc command
returns an error status.
See Alsoctod(1), ddifanls(1), dtifanls(1), CDA(5), DDIF(5), DTIF(5), DOTS(5)DDIS(5)dtoc(1)